Project cargo can still be considered a niche market and more than ever it requires specialized skills and determination, and is clearly expanding in both size and scope of operations necessary to support the requirements. Growing sectors such as Infrastructure, Mining, Energy, Oil & Gas and Petrochemical demand complex logistic solutions.

Project cargo logistics and transport requirements become truly global in scope and demand multimodal solutions, and due to its nature: may be exceptionally heavy, long or wide (or any combination thereof), and/or comprised complex components that must be disassembled, shipped and reassembled, or requires special processing; are considered as out-of-gauge for normal transport. In general project cargoes are defined by individual contract specific terms and conditions that delineate specific geographies, time lines, delivery protocols, etc. and may require full visibility across the entire global supply chain.

Project-related cargo movements are generally indicative of contractual time and/or space (geographic specific) delineation. Schedules imposed by the contract may require long-lead times for planning, evaluation, site survey, etc. and only then followed by a complicated implementation and execution.

Depending on the final destination, project cargo shipments face challenges such as overcoming necessity of transport solution in severe climatic conditions, schedule cargo integrity in transport and accompanying personnel. Geo-politics, geography, topography, and/or environmental considerations in remote locations, along with the necessity to protect the integrity of the shipment, and with necessity for adherence to delivery schedules, may require armed guards and security forces to accompany the cargo as it moves through remote areas.

In some areas, port facilities, (as well as airports) may be inadequate, or even non-existent, and hence complicated logistics provisions must be made for temporary construction of discharge quays/piers. This may be preceded by, or concurrent with necessary site surveys and permitting to allow for direct onshore beach landing.

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